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The Spirit of the Laws Montequieu placed emphasis on reason as the guide for laws and society, but also respected tradition, historical precedent, and the spirit of the people Laws should be based on reason customs and s.3 forms of government correspond to size despotic large , monarchy medium , republic small Despotism is sustained by fear and thus is inherently corrupt and short lived , monarchy by honor class distinctions , and republics by civic virtue These types tend to correspond to certain cli Montequieu placed emphasis on reason as the guide for laws and society, but also respected tradition, historical precedent, and the spirit of the people Laws should be based on reason customs and s.3 forms of government correspond to size despotic large , monarchy medium , republic small Despotism is sustained by fear and thus is inherently corrupt and short lived , monarchy by honor class distinctions , and republics by civic virtue These types tend to correspond to certain climactic, historical, economic, etc conditions of a particular region and can t be explained abstractly.Constitutional monarchies are the best possible government for the time, though republics are ideal Republics require civic virtue i.e the sublimation of personal interest to the good of the state To increase civic virtue, people should be educated to love their country and value equality and frugality Liberty involves equality The rising of the middle class protects liberty.Western Europe Goodreads has linked Defense de l esprit des lois with Montesquieu s magnum opus.The Defense is merely a pamphlet, a reply to one or two critics of L esprit des lois I can t say I read it easily, but I read it all 61 pp which isthan I could do when I first got it for Kindle in 2012.This passage, I think, is as true today as it was in the 18th C., especially if one bears in mind which theologians i.e., upholders of orthodoxy of today seek to suppress free thought and free expr Goodreads has linked Defense de l esprit des lois with Montesquieu s magnum opus.The Defense is merely a pamphlet, a reply to one or two critics of L esprit des lois I can t say I read it easily, but I read it all 61 pp which isthan I could do when I first got it for Kindle in 2012.This passage, I think, is as true today as it was in the 18th C., especially if one bears in mind which theologians i.e., upholders of orthodoxy of today seek to suppress free thought I m not sure what can compare in the West to The Spirit of Laws before its publication in 1748 Sure, there were the Greeks Plato s Republic and Laws were extensive dialogues on constructing political systems But those were primary intellectual exercises The debate wasabout the ideal rather than the practical Plato made some comparisons of Athenian and Spartan systems, but he was not sur Modern pundits and general yappers would do well to readMontesquieu and less of whatever they are reading now if they are, in fact, reading anything at all. The Spirit of the Laws , Montesquieu s widely read and, in its time, highly influential treatise on the nature of government was one of the vegetables that I resolved to consume in 2015 I made it through half of the book, which is pretty good given that at about a third of the way through I realized that The Spirit of the Laws is to my list of book As for Rousseau I have to admit I started this lecture with some prejudice whereas I mistakenly imagined Rousseau to be this half autistic failed novelist wearing rose tinted glasses, I imagined Montesquieu to be somewhat his rigorous, legalistic counter part probably owing to my complete ignorance in the field of legal theory bent on ossifying every well meaning, politically correct and moralizing precept the Enlightenment might have produced Once again I was wrong it might seems to my re As for Rousseau I have to admit I started this lecture with some prejudice whereas I mistakenly imagined Rousseau to be this half autistic failed novelist wearing rose tinted glasses, I imagined Montesquieu to be somewhat his rigorous, legalistic counter part probably owing to my complete ignorance in the field of legal theory bent on ossifying every well meaning, politically correct and moralizing precept the Enlightenment might have produced Once again I was wrong it might seems to my reader, that this mea culpa is becoming a staple of my reviews indeed my lectures have brought me to regard with muchinterest and respect that repu Someone said this was almost as long and scary as Hobbes s Leviathan Hardly This book is a breeze to read if you have a good translation Every chapter is between.5 2 pages at the most It s all in bite sized idea chunks I have flown through 130 pages in just over a day For a normal academic work I d probably be on page 20 or 25 by now.My problem is that, to the modern reader, much of what Montesqiueu says is nonsensical His ideas are also shallow, and he tries to force his model on a worl Someone said this was almost as long and scary as Hobbes s Leviathan Hardly This book is a breeze to read if you have a good translation Every chapter is between.5 2 pages at the most It s all in bite sized idea chunks I have flown through 130 pages in just over a day For a normal academic work I d probably be on page 20 or 25 by now.My problem is that, to the modern reader, much of what Montesqiueu says is nonsensical His ideas are also shallow, and he tries to force his model on a world that is farcomplex.For instance he declares all societies are either republics, monarchies, or despotates He lays down rules as to how each three of these archetypes ope Tr ng ng i l i ngh n ta. This is almost as huge as Leviathan and possibly scarier EDIT I love how Montesquieu makes DIRECT rebuttals Locke, that dear old fellow, addresses Hobbes arguments, but not Hobbes himself Montesquieu says, Hobbes says X argument HE S WRONG I shall now show you WHY To whoever wrote the immensely illuminating and legible notes in my used copy Thank you from the bottom of my heart I love you EDIT I would ve given this 4 stars, but I had to read about 150 pages in one night, soI This is almost as huge as Leviathan and possibly scarier EDIT I love how Montesquieu makes DIRECT rebuttals Locke, that dear old fellow, addresses Hobbes arguments, but not Hobbes himself Montesquieu says, Hobbes says X argument HE S WRONG I shall now show you WHY To whoever wrote the immensely illuminating and legible notes in my used copy Thank you from the bottom of my heart I love you EDIT I would ve given this 4 stars, but I The Spirit Of The Laws Is, Without Question, One Of The Central Texts In The History Of 18th Century Thought, Yet There Has Been No Complete Scholarly English Language Edition Since 1750 This Lucid Translation Renders Montesquieu S Problematic Text Newly Accessible To A Fresh Generation Of Students, Helping Them To Understand Why Montesquieu Was Such An Important Figure In The Early Enlightenment And Why The Spirit Of The Laws Was Such An Influence On Those Who Framed The American Constitution Fully Annotated, This Edition Focuses On Montesquieu S Use Of Sources And His Text As A Whole, Rather Than On Those Opening Passages Toward Which Critical Energies Have Traditionally Been Devoted A Select Bibliography And Chronology Are Also Provided.


About the Author: Montesquieu

Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de La Br de et de Montesquieu, generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world He wa Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de La Br de et de Montesquieu, generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world He was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire


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